American Urological Association - Candidiasis
- Agent: Candida albicans.
- Appearance: branching hyphae.
- Clinical: most commonly found in uncircumcised males; can cause balanitis or balanoposthitis characterized by bright red patches of inflammation with numerous minute pustules and erosions.
- Predisposing features: diabetes mellitus, antibiotic treatment, and immunosuppression.
- Histologic features:
- Branching hyphae on H&E or on PAS stain (image A) & (image B).
- KOH prep should confirm the diagnosis in a clinical setting.
- Treatment: antifungal agents.