Module 12: Transplant Ethics
Upon completion of this module, the resident should be able to:
- Describe the historical evolution of organ transplantation.
- Describe the current dynamics of organ demand and supply.
- Describe the current legal and regulatory framework in the United States for organ procurement, transplantation, and allocation.
- Identify and describe the moral or ethical ideals governing organ allocation.
- Identify the governing principles in the present ethical framework for organ procurement, allocation and transplantation.
- Describe the allocation algorithm for kidneys.
The website for the United Network for Organ Sharing can be found at: http://www.unos.org; the companion website for the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network is accessible at: http://www.optn.org.
The website for the American Society of Transplant Surgeons can be found at: http://www.asts.org.
An excellent portal to a wide range of links for organ procurement, allocation, and transplantation is provided by the National Library of Medicine at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/organtransplantation.html. Another, government-sponsored site is found at: http://www.organdonor.gov/. A third site is sponsored by NIH and is found at: http://health.nih.gov/result.asp/484.
The Organ Donation Breakthrough Collaborative is an initiative to increase organ donation rates within the current legal and regulatory framework. Its website can be found at: http://www.organdonationnow.org/.
A comprehensive explanation of HLA typing is found at: http://tpis.upmc.edu/tpis/immuno/wwwHLAtyping.htm.