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Module 12: Transplant Ethics

Upon completion of this module, the resident should be able to:

  1. Describe the historical evolution of organ transplantation.
  2. Describe the current dynamics of organ demand and supply.
  3. Describe the current legal and regulatory framework in the United States for organ procurement, transplantation, and allocation.
  4. Identify and describe the moral or ethical ideals governing organ allocation.
  5. Identify the governing principles in the present ethical framework for organ procurement, allocation and transplantation.
  6. Describe the allocation algorithm for kidneys.

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Additional Resources

The website for the United Network for Organ Sharing can be found at:; the companion website for the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network is accessible at:

The website for the American Society of Transplant Surgeons can be found at:

An excellent portal to a wide range of links for organ procurement, allocation, and transplantation is provided by the National Library of Medicine at:  Another, government-sponsored site is found at:  A third site is sponsored by NIH and is found at:

The Organ Donation Breakthrough Collaborative is an initiative to increase organ donation rates within the current legal and regulatory framework.  Its website can be found at:

A comprehensive explanation of HLA typing is found at:

Posttest / Transcript

Module: 12 ETHICSMOD-12 Transplant Ethics Posttest Available  

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