Urology and Specialty Matches

For more than 37 years, the AUA in conjunction with the Society of Academic Urologists has overseen the Urology Residency Match Program (a.k.a. Urology Match) for residency positions. Annually, the Urology Residency Match consists of approximately 508 highly competitive applicants that apply for nearly 386 positions that are virtually filled. The AUA has also expanded its services to fellowship matches, including pediatrics, urologic oncology, andrology, endourology and male reconstruction.

The information provided on the Urology Residency Match process will assist candidates with this critical step in their urologic education and future career.

Urology Residency Match Program

2024 Urology Residency Match Program Schedule
2024 Milestone Description
June 23, 2023 Urology Registration opens for Programs & Applicants
September 1, 2023 Applicants Signaling Opens
September 15, 2023 Applicants Deadline to submit signals
September 28, 2023 Applicants signals sent to Programs
October 27, 2023 All programs offer interview
October 30, 2023 All applicants accept or reject interview offers
October 31, 2023 "Flush Day" Students may release previously accepted interview slots in favor of any invitations offered to them off a waitlist.
November 22, 2023 Urology Preference List Phase begins for Programs & Applicants
December 29, 2023 Registration Deadline
January 9, 2024 Urology Preference List Deadline (Program & Applicants) & Interview Deadline
February 1, 2024 Urology Match Results Announced—emails sent & results posted

Summer 2023 – February 1, 2024

  • Register online. A $75 non-refundable payment is required when you register.  If you are a current or existing customer you will be provided with an AUA ID number once payment is processed. Match registration is accepted through December 29, 2023.
  • You will receive your AUA ID number on your registration confirmation email. This number should be given to each program with which you interview. Apply to programs of interest to you.
  • The match programs have the option to participate in Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS ®). You will find a list of accredited U.S. urology programs on the AUA website.
  • Each individual program designates its participation in the current match and (ERAS ®).
  • Note program application deadlines, but do not wait until the last minute, as they can change. If you are offered an interview by a program, respond immediately, as interview slots can fill quickly.

Fall 2023 – February 2024

  • Program may begin offering interviews on October 27, 2023.
  • Applicants interview at the urology training programs with which they have made previous arrangements.

September 1 – September 28, 2023

  • Applicants start submitting signals on Sept 1, 2023.
  • Applicants must have signals submitted in the AUA Match system by September 15, 2023
  • Programs will receive applicants signals on September 28, 2023

November 2023 – January 10, 2024

  • All applicants and programs submit preference lists online to the Urology Residency Match Program, showing their highest preference first and remaining choices in descending order.
  • These preference lists must be submitted to the Urology Residency Match Program no later than January 9, 2024. View safeguards.

January 13 – 29, 2024

  • The matching process is performed. A number of cross checks and safeguards will be utilized to ensure fairness, accuracy and confidentially.

February 1, 2024

  • Emails are sent to, urology programs, applicants and medical schools to let them know when results are available.

For more details, review the Urology Residency Match Flyer

Urology Residency Match Overview

Outline to the phases of the Urology Residency Match Program.

Phase I

  • Programs agree to participate in the match and are provided with an identification number.
  • No offers or commitments to "rank an applicant first on my list" will be made to applicants before they match.

Phase II

  • Applicants register to obtain their own Identification Number from the Urology Residency Match Program.

Phase III

  • Applicant signal phase. Applicants can submit up to 30 signals (these signals are not ranked).
  • Programs receive signals.

Phase IV

  • Once applicants have completed the application process, programs will then select applicants for interviews.
  • Applicants are responsible for contacting programs and going through the interview process.
  • The function of the Urology Residency Match Program during this phase is to assign identification numbers to applicants and programs.
  • Applicants should provide their AUA identification number to each program when contacted or at the time of interviews.

Phase V

  • All programs and applicants submit rank-ordered preference lists online to the Urology Residency Match Program no later than Tuesday, January 9, 2024, by 4:30 pm EST.
  • If we do not receive your ranking list by that date you will not be included in the match.

Phase VI

  • The actual match is performed.
  • There are several facts applicants and program directors should know about this phase.
    1. You will not be forced to accept a program or an applicant you do not want. If you do not include a program or an applicant on your list, you cannot be matched with it/them. Ranking a program is a binding commitment to accept that program if you are matched with it. Programs commit to accept any applicant on their ranking list.
    2. Your rank-ordering affects the program or applicant with which you are matched. We try to match applicants with the first program on their list. If they are first choice on that program's list, they are matched. We will not match anyone with programs low on their list until those programs they have ranked higher do not match with them. We try to match programs with the first applicant on their list. We will not match a program with anyone lower on their list until those applicants ranked higher do not match with the program because they received an offer from a program higher on their list or have not listed that program at all.
    3. If two or more programs make offers to an applicant, the applicant is matched with the program highest on the applicant's list.
    4. Not everyone is matched. If an applicant is not ranked by any program on the applicant's list or all their ranked programs fill their vacancies before the applicant's name is listed on the program's rank list, the applicant will not be matched. If a program is not listed by any applicant, or its listed applicants have already been matched with programs they have ranked higher, there will be an empty position. Vacancies after the match may be listed on Urology Program Vacancies and unmatched applicants may make individual arrangements with programs that still have vacancies.

General Information for the Urology Residency Match

Basic Overview:

  • This match is for medical students graduating in 2023 (and other qualified applicants) for their first year of urology, regardless of the number of pre-urology years required.
  • This matching system combines the rank-ordered preferences of both the programs and applicants to produce a list of matches acceptable to both parties, eliminating the process of offer/counter-offer.

Training Requirements:

  • Requirements for foreign medical graduates may vary from year to year and from state to state. Be sure to obtain up-to-date information from individual programs.


The information submitted to the SAU Urology Residency Match (Match) on both applicant and program rank order lists is confidential. It is the policy of the SAU not to disclose such information in any manner that permits individual identification of either applicants or programs. Applicants and programs have the right to keep their rank order lists confidential and not to share them with any other individual or entity.

In addition, information contained in the Match system is confidential and available only to registered applicants and program directors and other authorized users. Unauthorized use or disclosure of such information to persons not entitled to access it shall be considered a violation of this Agreement.

Use of Information

Each program and applicant authorizes the SAU to request, obtain, transmit and receive identifying information to and from authorized users, including the American Urological Association, and other authorized users engaged in postgraduate medical education for purposes of collecting and verifying data submitted by the applicant or program, establishing postgraduate training databases, conducting or effecting the Match.

For the avoidance of doubt, the preference list submitted by an applicant or program is confidential and the SAU will not disclose or release applicant or program preference list information that is clearly and uniquely identifiable with an applicant or program, except in response to a subpoena or an order from a court of competent jurisdiction.

Each program and applicant also authorizes the SAU to use any information provided by such program or applicant in any study approved by the SAU, provided that no information clearly and uniquely identifiable with such program or applicant is disclosed in reports resulting from such study.

Each applicant also authorizes the SAU to release applicant Match results to each program that ranked the applicant on the program's preference list, to the applicant's school of medicine or osteopathy, and to those program directors who request such information to verify whether the applicant was matched.

Relevant Contact Information

Urology Residency Match Program – AUA Urology Residency Match
1000 Corporate Boulevard
Linthicum, MD 21090
Phone: 1-866-Ring AUA (1-866-746-4282), ext. 3913
Fax: 410-689-3939
Email: resmatch@AUAnet.org

Residency Review Committee for Urology (RRC-Urology)ACGME- RRC
Administrative Assistant, RRC for Urology
515 North State Street, Suite 2000
Chicago, IL 60610
Phone: 312-755-7471

Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®)ERAS
2450 N Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
Phone: 202-862-6264
Email: myeras@aamc.org

Education Commission for Foreign Medical GraduatesECFMG
3624 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-2685
Phone: 215-386-5900
Fax: 215-386-9196
Email: info@ecfmg.org

American Board of UrologyABU
600 Peter Jefferson Parkway, Suite 150
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone: 434-979-0059
ABU Match Information

Society of Academic Urologist – SAU
Two Woodfield Lake
1100 E. Woodfield Road
Suite 350
Schaumburg, IL 60173
Phone: 847-517-7225
Email: info@sauweb.org

Accredited U.S. Urology Programs

This site provides a listing of programs that participate in the Urology Residency Match Program. If a program is not listed, it does not imply the approval or disapproval of the AUA. All accredited programs are listed once they register. The decision to participate in the urology residency match rests solely with each program director.

  • The deadline for application submission to programs range from September to October.
  • Be sure to check with each program for its application deadline.
  • Programs may fill their interview slots and cut off applications before their announced deadline.

The "positions" listed in the programs participating in the match indicate how many vacancies a program listed with us for the match. If there are "0" positions listed, the program is not participating in the current match.

You may obtain additional information on each program by accessing their individual website.

Urology Residency Match Guidelines for Programs

  • All vacancies in each program will be offered as part of the match.
  • No offers or commitments to "rank an applicant first on my list" will be made to applicants before the match.
  • No offers will be made to an applicant outside the match until after the match is completed.
  • Programs agree to accept any applicant submitted on their ranking list.
  • Programs agree that after the match no commitments will be made with an applicant matched with a different program unless there is mutual agreement between all three parties including both program directors and the applicant.

Urology Residency Match Signaling Phase

  • Preference Signaling is an applicant driven, fair and equitable, formal process for applicants to express credible interest to a program.
  • Programs can use signals in their application review process to assess credible interest amidst rising applications numbers. The process is completely voluntary for both applicants and programs although we believe it will add value to the Match process. We hope applicants will find the program useful to standout to programs in which they are truly interested, and programs will appreciate another metric in their review process to facilitate holistic review and optimal interview selections.
  • Signaling Overview, Guidance, and FAQs provided to learn about this program

Program Applications/Interviews

  • It is the applicant's responsibility to contact each of the programs in which they are interested and to follow their application and interview procedures. You should be certain you are aware of each program's requirements, including application deadline, policies regarding pre-urology training and participation in the NRMP match.
  • Participation in Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) is on an individual program basis. Check the ERAS® website for information and a list of programs participating.
  • Applicants should know they are under no obligation to reveal their program preferences to any program director and that no participating program director can make a binding offer other than through the match program. Both parties are free to change their intentions without prejudice up to the time that final rank-ordered lists are submitted.
  • No changes can be made after a preference list is submitted.
  • Programs will refrain from asking illegal or coercive questions about age, gender, religion, sexual orientation and family status.

Post–Interview Contact

  • Post-interview, program-initiated communications with applicants are not allowed. This includes all verbal (e.g., telephone, speaking to an applicant at a meeting) and written (e.g., email, letters, postings) communications. In other words, neither the chair, program director, faculty nor resident/fellows may initiate contact with an applicant after the interview process has been concluded. These types of communications may be seen as an attempt to influence an applicant’s Match rank list.
  • Telephone contact initiated by a program director or department personnel at any level is considered undue pressure and should not take place.
  • Medical students who completed an interview with the program immediately following their sub-internship (earlier than the formal interviews) may request in writing a follow-up interview. Programs which choose to host interviews immediately following the sub-internship, should post the process on their program’s website regarding how to request a follow-up interview by former sub-interns.
  • Although thank you notes are not required, applicants may write post-interview thank you notes if they choose to do so.
  • In order to meet the intent of this policy with regard to post-interview contact, Programs should not respond to thank you notes written by applicants.

Programs shall not require second visits or visiting rotations or imply that second visits are used in determining applicant placement on a rank list.

Contractual Responsibilities

When an applicant and a program director agree to enter into the match process, they each assent to be bound by the results. As a consequence of this mutual assent, a contract is created, enforceable by law.

If the applicant/resident and the program director cannot agree on withdrawal or change of assignment, such disagreement or violation of the residency contract may be referred to Urology Residency Match Office and will be reported to officials of the Society of Academic Urologists (SAU) for whom the match is conducted. However, neither the AUA nor the SAU will have ultimate responsibility for dispute resolution, which must be undertaken between the resident and the institution to which they are contractually bound. The American Board of Urology and/or the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education may be of assistance in resolving such disputes.

Should any such issues not be capable of resolution within thirty (30) days by informal discussions through these mechanisms, then the applicant consents to binding arbitration of all disputed matters pursuant to the rules of the American Health Lawyers Association (AHLA). Initially, the parties will seek to agree to private arbitration pursuant to those rules. However, should the parties not be able to agree on the terms of private dispute resolution, then they agree that application shall be made to AHLA for formal dispute resolution under its aegis, and the parties shall be equally or proportionately responsible for costs of that process in accordance with AHLA requirements. By virtue of this application, each party agrees finally to be bound by the arbitration order, which will be enforceable in a court of law.

Please consult the MATCH VIOLATIONS POLICY for additional details.

Preference List Requirements

Submission of Preference Lists

  • Preference lists must be submitted no later than January 9, 2024, in order to participate in the match.
  • By accepting online the terms of agreement to the preference list, applicants make a formal binding commitment to accept a position in any one of the programs they have listed. By accepting online the terms of agreement to the preference list, program directors also make the results of the matching program a formal binding contract.
  • Applicants are free to change preference(s) up to the time the confidential ranking list is submitted to us, as are the program directors. Neither applicants nor program directors may ask for a commitment from the other outside the match.

Changes to Preference Lists

  • Preference lists may be changed up until the January 9, 2024, 4:30 pm EST deadline; and you may withdraw completely from the match up until this deadline.
  • After January 9, 2024, 4:30 pm EST, you may not withdraw from the match and you are morally and legally committed to accept a program if you are matched with it.
  • All preference lists are considered confidential and their contents will not be divulged.

Maximize Your Chances – Ways to Increase Your Chances in Any Match

Previous years' matches have demonstrated the need for applicants to include on their preference lists all of the programs they would be willing to attend. Some applicants who were not matched at all received offers from programs they did not list. If the applicants had listed all programs preferable to not training in urology, some of these "misses" might have been avoided.

The same holds true for programs. By listing all acceptable applicants, the program protects itself from cases of applicants implying that the program will be their first choice and then changing their minds when submitting their preference lists. The best way to assure a good match is for applicants and programs to list all acceptable choices in order of desirability rather than in order of perceived chances of receiving offers or acceptances.


There are three safeguards present to ensure an accurate match:

  • A validity check on identification numbers is made by the computer to eliminate any mis-codes.
  • The AUA will check each list against the computer version of that list.
  • The Committee examines a sample of the matches and verifies that:
    1. The program matched with any applicant was the highest offer on the applicant's list.
    2. The applicant matched with a program was the highest ranked applicant on the program's list that could accept the program's offer.
    3. Unmatched programs and applicants really have no offers that are acceptable.

Frequently Asked Questions

These questions were designed to provide answers that as applicants or programs you may want answered during and after the match process. For further details, please contact the Residency Match Program Office at resmatch@AUAnet.org or call 410-689-3913.

From Applicants:

Is this match limited to fourth year students?
No. Any qualified applicant can enter the match.

Is there a limit on the number of programs an applicant can list or applicants that a program can list?
No. However listing programs where you did not interview most likely will not increase your chances of being "matched."

What is the number of interviews needed to secure at least one offer?
Whether or not you receive an offer depends on the impression you create during your interviews and on your credentials, not on the number of interviews. Some applicants obtain a position from a single interview. An occasional applicant may conduct more than 20 interviews and obtain no offers.

Where should I apply and interview?
That depends on many personal factors. You should contact faculty members at your medical school and current and past residents to learn more about various programs before you interview. Different programs use different criteria. Try to assess your chances realistically.

How should I decide whether to list a program on my preference list?
Ask yourself: "If this were my only offer, would I accept it?" If the answer is positive you should list the program. We anticipate several applicants will remain unmatched because they did not list the programs that offer them a position and will receive no offers from programs they do list.

I like Program X, and I believe the program director likes me. Should I list more than that single program?
Yes. That program director might change their mind. There is no disadvantage whatsoever in listing alternative choices as a safeguard.

Can I optimize my chances by listing a program first for which I think I have the best chance of acceptance?
No. You should list your true preference first, regardless of probability estimates. You cannot match unless you receive on offer. Whether you receive an offer depends on your position on the program's list. Program directors never see your list. The only purpose of your list is to determine which offer to accept, should you receive more than one offer.

Could I end up being "matched" to a program I do not really want?
No. We can only accept on your behalf offers from programs you have listed. The Urology Residency Match does not question your judgment and cannot in any way guarantee that you or the program director will remain satisfied with each other's performance. In the years between your interview and the completion of your residency it is possible that some programs will experience changes in their faculty, in funding, or even in accreditation. The Urology Residency Match promises you diligence in processing your ranking lists, but neither it nor the AUA can accept any responsibility whatsoever for any such changes or for their consequences.

I have had second thoughts about my career goals. Can I withdraw from the position I accepted through the Urology Residency Match Program?
Because of your acceptance, another applicant was prevented from obtaining that position. Withdrawal is possible only in exceptional circumstances. See " Contractual Responsibilities" for more details.

My circumstances do not allow me to apply through the urology match one to two years before my residency. Are all positions closed for people like me?
No. Your choices will be severely limited, but additional vacancies may become available if other applicants withdraw. These positions are listed on the vacancy area of the AUA website.

I want to transfer to a second- or third-year residency position in a different program. Can you help me?
See " Contractual Responsibilities" for the necessary steps to do this. Please note that very few such openings occur. You may email resmatch@AUAnet.org with any questions.

I did not match. Can you provide me a list of programs that did not match so that I can contact them?
No. The AUA cannot disclose which programs did not match. If a program wishes to list their vacancy, they will do so in the vacancy area of the AUA website. Please do not call the AUA requesting this information.

I am a foreign medical graduate and would like to participate in the Match. What steps must I take?
You will need to register for the Urology Residency Match Program through the AUA website. You are also encouraged to register and submit your application materials through The Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). For additional requirements for foreign medical graduates, contact the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) at www.ecfmg.org.

I've submitted my on-line preference list through the AUA website. Is there anything else I need to do?
No. You should receive an email confirmation of your final list. If the list is correct, you do not need to do anything further. Faxing or mailing your preference list is not necessary. If you need to change your list for any reason, you must contact the Urology Residency Match Program Office at resmatch@AUAnet.org or 410-689-3913. No list changes will be made after the final preference list deadline.

What are the minimum United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores an applicant must have to be considered by a program?
The AUA does not have this information. You may want to contact the programs directly.

From Programs:

A mediocre applicant tells me they like our program. Some better applicants are non-committal. Who should I rank first?
List the better ones first. You may or may not match with them; this depends on the other offers they receive. Not listing (or downgrading) the better applicants eliminates your chance of getting them and it does not enhance your chance of matching the other applicants.

Could my program end up being "matched" to an applicant we do not like?
No. Positions can only be offered to applicants you have listed on your preference list.

What is considered appropriate contact after the interview process is completed?
Contact by letter is always permissible. Telephone contact initiated by a program director or department personnel at any level is considered undue pressure and should not take place. Telephone calls from applicants are acceptable.

I've submitted my on-line preference list through the AUA website. Is there anything else I need to do?
No. You should receive an email confirmation of your final list. If the list is correct, you do not need to do anything further. Faxing or mailing your preference list is not necessary. If you need to change your list for any reason, you must contact the Urology Residency Match Program Office at resmatch@AUAnet.org or 866-746-4282 (x3913). No list changes will be made after the final preference list deadline.

I don't check my email regularly. How can I make sure I am receiving all necessary Urology Match information?
We encourage you to provide the email address of someone in your office (i.e., residency coordinator) who checks email regularly, as most Urology Match correspondence is conducted via email. Keep in mind that preference list confirmations will be sent to this email address.

Urology Program Vacancies

Our residency vacancy information service is designed to assist in the relocation of residents who are changing specialties and to assist programs in filling unexpected vacancies.

  • Guidelines for Applicants and Programs
    • If you are an applicant seeking a vacancy (at any level) in a urology program, view our online listings of Urology Program Vacancies.
    • Check vacancies periodically for updates.
    • If you choose to list a vacancy in your residency training program you may fill out the attached Urology Program Vacancy Listing Form.
  • Urology Resident's Contract Reminder
    • The AUA Urology Residency Match Program is a binding contract for the length of the program.
    • Employment contracts are usually on an annual basis with renewal contingent upon satisfactory performance.
    • Once accepted into a urology program, residents are not eligible to apply for or accept urology positions in another program.
    • A resident must provide written evidence that they have notified their current program director of their intention not to renew their present contract with that program.
    • Send written evidence of your notification to our office.
    • Once notification is received you may list yourself on our vacancy applicant list or view the urology program vacancies.
    • If you change urology training programs prior to completing your urology residency, you must notify the office of the American Board of Urology for approval prior to the move.
    • The Board requires written acknowledgment and approval of the transfer from the initial and subsequent program directors.

(Policy updated 2019)

Urology Residency Match Statistics

There are 148 non-military accredited urology residency programs in the United States. (Military programs cannot participate due to government regulations regarding eligibility.) For 2023, 145 non-military accredited urology residency programs in the United States listed 386 positions with 383 vacancies being matched, leaving 3 vacancies unmatched. 508 applicants submitted preference lists netting 125 unmatched applicants.

View additional 2023 Urology Residency Match Statistics [pdf]

  Feb 2023 Feb 2022 Feb 2021 Jan 2020 Jan 2019 Jan 2018 Jan 2017 Jan 2016 Jan 2015
Positions Offered 386 365 357 354 339 325 319 295 296
Positions Filled 383 365 357 353 330 314 317 294 295
Positions Open 3 0 0 1 9 11 2 1 1
Registrations 551 601 528 484 434 436 477 468 493
Lists Submitted 508 556 481 441 389 402 422 417 433
Ranked by Programs 482 534 461 430 368 369 385 373 388
Matched 383 365 357 353 330 314 317 294 295
Not Matched 125 191 124 88 59 88 105 123 138
Averages and Match Results
Average Applications 88 82 77 74 71 70 68 65 63
Average Interviews Taken by Applicants 12 11 12 13 13 11 11 10 10
Average Offers 9 8 9 13 14.85 13.78 11.77 11.35 12.23
Senior Medical Students (US & CAN) 81% 70% 80% 83% 91% 86% 82% 77% 77%
Previous Graduates (not Seniors) (U.S. & CAN) Matched 64% 51% 66% 78% 78% 43% 47% 47% 43%
International Medical Students and Graduates 33% 19% 24% 32% 58% 24% 33% 17% 31%
Women Matched 81% 72% 85% 86% 83% 75% 75% 68% 68%

*Prior to 2019 program statistics results are per program per vacancy


Please provide us with any suggestions and email them to resmatch@AUAnet.org in order to help us improve the Urology Match for you and those who participate in the future. Thank you!